Turkey has become more and more preferable for foreign students thanks to its facilities, the quality of education and increasing standards of living. Today, with the ever-expanding opportunities of course, almost every city in Turkey has its own university and it is not very difficult to receive undergraduate or postgraduate education for foreign students.
The numbe of universities in Turkey is known to be more than 180. These 112 state and 69 private universities are mostly located at large cities such as Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir.
Education System in Turkey
12-year compulsory education system in Turkey consists of three stages: The four-year primary school as the first level, the four-year secondary school as the second level and the four-year high school education as the third stage. The children start primary education at 7. Those who complete primary and secondary school can continue four-year high schools, which are basically providing general, vocational and technical training. The schools that focus on a specific program are called as high school, technical high school and vocational high school.
All students who complete eight years of secondary education can continue general high schools. Graduates of these schools take the university entrance exam for university education. Vocational high school graduates can directly continue to two-year college education, while graduates of foreign language intensive high schoocan take the university exam and continue their university education. Turkey has also fine arts schools, private, international schools as well as the schools providing religious education.
University Education in Turkey
Students who graduate from vocational high school have the right to continue to vocational colleges without an exam. The duration of education in vocational colleges is two years; Students who successfully complete two years of education can continue to universities offering four years of undergraduate education, but they need to take the university exam for this.
According to the education system in Turkey, you have to graduate from four-year university education in order to have bachelor's degree. While the majority of the undergraduate departments consist of four-year departments, the education period of branches such as medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and veterinary medicine varies between five or six years. And postgraduate education consists of master's programs and doctorate programs.
University Entrance Exam in Turkey
The students who complete high school in Turkey need to take the university entrance exam so they can continue the university. Until the 1960s, it was possible to start university without an exam, but the growing population and competition among the young generation made a national examination system mandatory. The students can select their university according to the score they make at university entrance exam although the entrance system may change depending on the density of applicant students or reorganized secondy school system. The Student Selection and Placement Center (ÖSYM) prepares the university entrance exam every year.
State Universities in Turkey
Turkey has both state universities and private universities. All these universites are entitled to Higher Education Institution (YÖK). According to the data of 2018, the number of state universities was 112 and it was 69 for private universities. 6 of 7 million graduate school students are studying at state universities.
Private Universities in Turkey
Private universities are not directly connected to the state, rather are operated autonomously by a foundation. It is known that some private universities in Turkey offer vast opportunities to their students and boast of their quality and fame. The language of education is generally English in private universities. Most of them also have English preparatory classes for students without foreign language proficiency.