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The list comprises a lot of important historical sites in Turkey such as Aphrodisias, Archaeological Sites of Ani and Troy, Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape, Göbekli Tepe, Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği, historic areas of Istanbul, Nemrut Dağ, Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük, Pergamon, Xanthos and Letoon.
Turkey is home to many historical ruins dating back to prehistoric times and thousands of works of culture. In "World Cultural Heritage List" of The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), there are 18 heritage sites from Turkey, and the country has 77 sites in UNESCO’s tentative list, which is created to consider for nomination. It is common that every year more and more people are becoming aware of the story of Turkey’s land, which dates back to the earliest human settlements, and includes many famous civilisations such as Hittites, Lycians, Romans, Ottomans and more...
The list comprises a lot of important historical sites in Turkey such as Aphrodisias, Archaeological Sites of Ani and Troy, Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape, Göbekli Tepe, Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği, historic areas of Istanbul, Nemrut Dağ, Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük, Pergamon, Xanthos and Letoon.
Here are the 6 amazing sites included in UNESCO Heritage List:
1- Cumalıkızık Village (Bursa)
In the city of Bursa, Cumalıkızık Village depicts the urban and rural system establishing the Ottoman Empire in the early 14th century. While some parts of Bursa represent the social and economic organization of the new capital such as districts of khans, kulliyes (religious institutions) integrating mosques, religious schools, public baths and a kitchen for the poor, as well as the tomb of Orhan Ghazi, founder of the Ottoman dynasty, Cumalıkızık Village is the rural face of this system. With its nostalgic and traditional houses, narrow streets and breath-taking natural view, the village fascinates both locals and tourists.
2- City of Safranbolu (Bolu)
It was until 20th century that Safranbolu was one of the critical stations on the trade route through the east and west. Various buildings such as the Old Mosque, Old Bath and Süleyman Pasha Medrese dates back to the 14th century. The best era of the city was in 17th century when it quickly became highly influensive on the urban structure of the other Ottoman cities.
3- Ephesus (İzmir)
Built on the mouth of the River Kaystros, Ephesus represents the typical Hellenistic and Roman cities following the coastline towards the west. The ancient city has great monuments of the Roman Empire such as the Library of Celsus and the Great Theatre. Visited by more and more tourists each year, Ephesus includes the remains of the famous Temple of Artemis, which is one of the “Seven Wonders of the World”. Also the House of the Virgin Mary is seen as an important place for Christian pilgrims.
4- Hattusha: the Hittite Capital (Çorum)
Famous for being the former capital of the Hittite Empire, Hattusha illustrates the urban organization, Hittite constructions, the Lions' Gate and the Royal Gate, and the ensemble of rock art at Yazilikaya.
5- Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia (Nevşehir)
Having a unique landscape, Goreme and Cappadocia are entirely sculpted by erosion. The land both has rock-hewn sanctuaries as an example of Byzantine art and represent dwellings, villages and underground towns as the remains of a traditional human habitat dating back to the 4th century. Today, Goreme and the whole cappadocia area is visited by many people for this unique landscape and attractive rock-hewn, historic houses as traditional settlements.
6- Hierapolis-Pamukkale
Pamukkale is formed of mineral forests, petrified waterfalls and a series of terraced basins. The result is a fabulous view with white cliff overlooking the pure, calcite waters. The thermal spa of Hierapolis was established by the King of Pergamon in the 2nd century B.C. The ruins of the baths, temples and other Greek monuments can be seen at the site.

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